Women Taking The Pill More Likely to be Treated for Depression

Birth Control Pill Container (The Holy Kale)

Birth Control Pill Container (The Holy Kale)

Do you feel depressed? Are you on The Pill? There might be a correlation.

A new study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) followed 1M+ women ages 15-34, with average age of 24. The longitudinal study followed Danish women from 1995 to 2013 who had no prior history of depression. The average time between follow-ups was 6+ years.

Women who were on a combination of oral contraceptives were “23% more likely to be prescribed an antidepressant,” usually within the first six months after beginning the Pill’s regimen. But women on the progestin-only pills (a synthetic form of the progesterone hormone) were “34% more likely to take antidepressants or get a first diagnosis of depression” than women who didn’t take the hormonal contraceptive.

The risk primarily targets teenagers, and the risk inversely correlates with age (i.e. the risk decreases as one gets older).

It’s suggested that higher levels of progesterone may lower mood (which is controlled by estrogen). But researchers noted that women are twice as likely to be diagnosed with depression than men within their lifetime, so the study’s findings are something to consider. It should be noted that the researchers have called for more follow-up studies to corroborate these findings.

How Does BDSM Affect The Brain?

BDSM (GoodReads)

BDSM (GoodReads)

We know that people who are into BDSM are more sexually adventurous, less anxious, and more secure in themselves. Obviously, all of these are beneficial qualities. But research suggests that it affects the brain in positive ways as well.

According to a recent study, each partner in a D/s  scene enters into an “altered state of consciousness” due to a variation in blood flow pattern to the brain. For dominants, this is termed “topspace;” for sub missives, “subspace.”

A researcher at Northern Illinois University studied 14 subjects “to test whether pain from sexual experiences may cause blood flow to alter the region of the brain responsible for control and working memory.” Subjects were randomly assigned to either give or receive pain, and took the Strook test, which measures “cognitive function for color and word recognition,” and questionnaires before and after the test.

Those who received pain fared worse with focus and memory. What does this mean?

When there is a deficit in a person’s working memory, they have less abstract thinking, access to memory, self-reflective conscious, and cognitive function, which leads to an altered state of consciousness. In S&M, this altered state transcends to one of focus and enjoyment.

The end result is similar to a runner’s or a meditative high, in that it modulates pain perception. It’s caused by “a lack of blood flow to the area.”

Even though it might be perceived as dangerous, BDSM is actually quite safe if done correctly. And I’m willing to bet that for some people, it’s a lot more fun than running or yoga.

 

What Are The Most Common Sexual Fantasies?

Sexual fantasy (E-News 365)

Sexual fantasy (E-News 365)

Happy Friday! Earlier this fall, researchers at the University of Montreal undertook a study of sexual fantasies to determine what constituted “common” and “unusual”sexual fantasies for men and women, later published in “The Journal of Sexual Medicine.” Over 1.5K adults participated in the survey, splitting nearly evenly along gender lines. Participants filled out an Internet survey and responded to given statements about sexual fantasies, and also submitted their own.

Once the data was amassed, fantasies were categorized as rare, unusual, common or typical, depending on volume of responses. Responses characterized as typical comprised 84%+ of the sample.

For women, the three most typical sexual fantasies are feeling romantic emotions during sex (92%+), having an appealing atmosphere and location (86%+), and having sex in a romantic location (84%+).

For men, the three most typical sexual fantasies are feeling romantic emotions during sex (88%+), participating in fellatio/cunnilingus (87%+), and having sex in an unusual place (82%+).

It’s interesting that men and women are primarily fantasizing about the same thing, but then women are more fantasizing about romance during the act, while men are fantasizing more about different and adventurous sex acts. Or at least that’s what the respondents admit to.

So for anyone concerned that their tastes might be out of the box (or maybe too much within it), “Business Insider” has the whole breakdown. Enjoy!